1. Tuberculosis meaning.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that usually damages the lungs and other parts of the body and can lead to serious illness and death. Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (bacteria). There are two types of tuberculosis: active tuberculosis and inactive (latent) tuberculosis.
Latent TB is a condition in which a person is infected with TB bacteria but does not get sick because the body is able to prevent the infection. Latent TB is not contagious.
Active TB is a condition in which the bacteria multiply and grow, and the immune system is unable to fight them off. Active TB causes symptoms, and it is infectious.
2. Tuberculosis symptoms and signs.
Any person with tuberculosis may be:
- Feeling tired and unwell.
- Having a severe cough that lasts at least 3 weeks.
- Unintentionally lose weight.
- Have a fever.
- Sweat at night.
- Coughing up saliva with a touch of blood.
- Have chest pain.
- Have enlarged lymph nodes.
- Loss of appetite.
Keep reading to know what causes tuberculosis?
3. What is the cause of tuberculosis?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent of tuberculosis. This bacteria can be transmitted through the air as droplets when a person with TB coughs, sneezes, spits, laughs, or talks.
Only people who have active TB disease can transmit the infection. However, most people with the disease can no longer transmit the bacteria if they have received proper treatment for at least two weeks.
Keep reading to know how is tuberculosis treated?
4. Tuberculosis treatment and prevention
a. How is tuberculosis treated?
If you are diagnosed with latent TB, your doctor may prescribe tablets to decrease the risk of developing active TB. If you have active TB, you’ll be prescribed an antibiotic combination, and you’ll need to take them for a minimum of 6 months.
There is a possibility that you require to undergo initial treatment in a hospital. If you follow the complete treatment, you could be completely cured of TB disease.
Since the TB disease is notifiable, doctors must declare all cases to Health authorities. What is the outlook for tuberculosis?
Next, you’ll know how to prevent tuberculosis!
The precautions for any person with Tuberculosis:
- Complete the entire course of all Tuberculosis medications. Otherwise, you may get gravely ill or even end up dying.
- Make sure to cover your mouth whenever you are you cough or sniffing.
- Request family members and friends to go to their physician or clinic for TB tests.
b. How to prevent tuberculosis?
You can prevent others from contracting TB by early diagnosis and treatment, staying away from other people until the risk of infection is gone, wearing a mask, covering your mouth, and ventilating the room.
Keep reading how is tuberculosis diagnosed?
5. Tuberculosis diagnosis.
When medical professionals suspect tuberculosis, they might request a TB skin test. This is known as the Mantoux test to determine if you’ve been infected by the TB bacteria (mycobacterium tuberculosis). A small quantity of fluid is injected beneath the skin’s first layer on the forearm. It is then examined after 48 or 72 hours to determine any skin reactions. Sometimes, a blood test can be used to determine TB.
If the test is positive, you could be referred to an x-ray chest scan and physical examination to determine whether you are suffering from active TB and are infected.
Next, we’ll talk about the tuberculosis vaccine, so keep reading!
6. Tuberculosis vaccine.
In certain countries, children get a TB vaccine (the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin or BCG vaccine ) as part of an immunization routine.
However, specialists in the U.S. do not recommend BCG vaccination to most people, unless they are at a high chance of developing TB. The reasons are an extremely low risk of infection within the country and the high probability that the vaccine may affect any subsequent TB testing for the skin.
7. What is the outlook for tuberculosis?
Treatment for tuberculosis is successful if one uses the medications according to the directions and has access to appropriate medical attention.
If someone with TB has other ailments and is undergoing treatment for active TB is more challenging. HIV, for instance, can affect the immune system, which reduces the body’s ability to fight TB and other diseases.
Other illnesses, diseases, and health issues can cause the severity of a TB illness, as one does not have access to medical treatment. Generally speaking, the early detection and diagnosis, which includes an entire regimen of antibiotics, give the greatest chance of curing TB.
Sources and scientific researches of the information in this article: